Damaged nails: causes and tips
The poor appearance of hair or nails, despite the use of good cosmetics and regular care, raises our concern. The cause of this could be a disease...
Hair, nails and skin glands are called skin appendages together. They perform various functions in the body, mainly protective functions, and additionally the first two also have an aesthetic value. It should not be surprising that the poor appearance of hair or nails, despite the use of good cosmetics and regular care, is a cause for concern. The reason for this may be a disease which, if not eliminated, will effectively undermine our efforts to look beautiful. This article presents the most common diseases, which may manifest themselves as changes in the nails.
One of the most common nail diseases is mycosis.
It turns out that nail mycosis is a very common disease. Some studies indicate that as many as one in five Poles suffers from it. It usually concerns toenails, but not infrequently the fingernails of the hands are also occupied. Interestingly, despite the presence on the market of more and more preparations available without a prescription, the incidence of nail mycosis is still growing. Different types of fungi may be responsible for the onset of mycosis and therefore the symptoms of this disease may differ slightly from each other. The most common and typical infectious agents in this case are dermatophytes, which attack the nail from the side of the free bank. Because usually this illness does not give any painful symptoms, patients delay their treatment for a long time. The first symptom of nail infection with dermatophytes is a change in its colour to yellow, brown and sometimes whitish. After some time, the nail becomes dull, thickened and brittle, until it finally deforms. If we do not use antifungal treatment, no treatments will give the expected results.
Apart from dermatophytes, the so-called yeast-like fungi, which usually cause inflammation of the peri nail shaft within the nail, accompanied by pain and redness, may also be responsible for the onset of mycosis. The nail itself also changes its colour, becomes thicker, deforms and may have transverse furrows. The last type of fungi that can attack the nail are moulds that cause the disease most often in older people. They usually do not cause inflammation or pain and do not lead to nail deformation, but only a change in colour to brown can be observed, with a characteristic longitudinal yellow stripe. The most effective therapeutic method of onychomycosis is the correct diagnosis of the disease in a mycological examination and then the application of an appropriate therapeutic preparation.
Changes in nails may indicate a systemic disease.
There are many diseases which, among a number of symptoms, can cause various changes visible on the nails. The leading example of such a disease is psoriasis, which is mainly a skin disease, sometimes also causing arthritis and giving characteristic changes on the nail plate. In the course of psoriasis, specific, point dimples appear on the nails, resembling a thimble, which is why this symptom is called thimble. Another characteristic symptom of psoriasis is the occurrence of yellowish discolorations, which look like spills under the fingernail of oil droplets. Sometimes there is also thickening, matting and weakening of nail plates, and in more advanced stages even the complete peeling off of the nail. Of course, psoriasis is not the only systemic disease in the course of which there are characteristic changes on the nails. Such diseases also include: alopecia cakes, lichen planus, lupus erythematosus, or a whole range of respiratory and circulatory diseases, causing chronic ischemia of distal phalanges, and manifested by the occurrence of so-called sticks and rounded, curved nails, sometimes referred to as "watch glass".
If you want to have beautiful nails, you should first care for them properly. However, any changes in the colour, shape, durability of the nails, as well as the appearance of furrows on them, or blood runs under them, give rise to a suspicion of the existence of any disease and should lead to a detailed diagnosis.