How to reduce the risk of cold and flu?
February and March are the months with the highest number of influenza cases. Colds are also becoming common, although less dangerous, they can last up to 10 days. Can we somehow reduce the risk of illness? Yes! In addition, some of the ways are very simple.
Winter encourages infections because our immune system is then particularly weakened. The frost itself is not a problem. However, frequent temperature changes, switching from dry rooms to the outside (and vice versa) and... a simple lack of care for one's own health are dangerous.
Banal ways that work
How to protect yourself against diseases? Basic prevention is so simple that it can be surprising how many people don't pay attention to it.
First of all, we should avoid large concentrations of people as much as possible, especially during bad weather. It's not about stopping going to work, but if we can choose whether to shop on a weekday or a Saturday, let's choose an ordinary day. The same with other things, or with a visit to the cinema. Remember to dress according to the weather conditions. More important than whether we look fashionable, it should be whether or not we get cold and overheated.
When travelling by bus, try to avoid the close presence of people who cough or otherwise appear to have a cold. And after returning home (and after coming to work) each time we wash our hands, because railings and handrails can be a habitat for dangerous microorganisms.
Let's pay attention to the diet. Especially during the winter season it is important to eat vegetables (such as broccoli, spinach, paprika, cauliflower) and fruit (citrus but also frozen cherries, currants and strawberries). First of all, we should provide the body with products that contain vitamins A, C and E, because it is these products that promote immunity. Interestingly, it is also worth eating pickled cucumbers, cabbage and beetroot - the probiotics contained in them have a positive effect on intestinal function, and at the same time stimulate the immune system. We can also benefit from consuming products or supplements containing ginseng, aloe vera, purges, coneflower, and vitamins D and B.
Better health for the advanced
Stress also has a huge impact on immunity (or lack of it), especially when combined with lack of sleep and activity. During a deep sleep, the number of lymphocytes in the body increases. The immune system also benefits from the activity - but beware - of moderate activity. 30 minutes of effort (exercise, running, cycling) every day or even every other day is enough to stimulate the body positively. Too much effort can be counterproductive - increasing stress and weakening immunity.
We can also try to improve our resistance, e.g. by trying to harden ourselves. Simply pour the cold water into the bath so that the water reaches halfway down the calves. Then soak your feet for several minutes (then you have to dry and massage them). Another way is to alternately pour hot and cold water over the body, with the cold water switched on for only a few seconds and the hot water for 20-30 seconds. It is best to increase the temperature difference gradually. Frequent repetition of similar procedures will positively affect our ability to face various diseases.
What does flu air humidification have?
However, all the above methods may not bring sufficient results if we stay in an environment that is unfavourable for our body. If you spend a lot of time in rooms where the air is dried out (due to heating or air conditioning), the mucous membrane of the upper respiratory tract is also dried out. And then the eyelashes, which should capture the microorganisms, do not work properly. If you do not use an air humidifier at work or at home, there may not be enough mucus on your eyelashes for viruses and bacteria to be excreted when you sneeze or run cold.
Simply turning on the humidifier will not make us more resistant to bacteria and viruses, but if the air humidity in the room is maintained at 50-60%, the body will have better conditions to fight against dangerous microorganisms. In addition, some devices also act as air purifiers - i.e. they eliminate dust, allergens and even bacteria, viruses and smog particles. When we breathe cleaner air, the risk of falling ill becomes much lower.
For some humidifiers with purge function, the filter is water. Contaminants pass through rotating rollers and settle at the bottom of the tank. However, the most technically advanced purifiers also have additional filters, which do not allow particles of 0.07 micron size, so they are able to protect us even against smog and viruses.
Lesser immunity can also be caused by allergies. First, the allergen weakens the body's protective barrier and then it is easier for viruses and bacteria to attack. Therefore, air purification devices or even plants with such properties can indirectly reduce the risk of illness.
The best way to do this is to combine all of the above methods of taking care of your own health. We can start by avoiding overcrowded places, more frequent hand washing and a healthier diet. Then it's worthwhile to increase your physical activity, take advantage of your hobbies to distract you from everyday stress, or try to harden your body. At night, however, it is best to rest in ventilated and properly moisturized rooms.